Tag Archives: Science Research

http://www.weeklystandard.com/articles/what-catastrophe_773268.html?nopager=1

What Catastrophe?

MIT’s Richard Lindzen, the unalarmed climate scientist

Weekly Standard, Jan 13, 2014, Vol. 19, No. 17 • By ETHAN EPSTEIN
When you first meet Richard Lindzen, the Alfred P. Sloan professor of meteorology at MIT, senior fellow at the Cato Institute, leading climate “skeptic,” and all-around scourge of James Hansen, Bill McKibben, Al Gore, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and sundry other climate “alarmists,” as Lindzen calls them, you may find yourself a bit surprised. If you know Lindzen only from the way his opponents characterize him—variously, a liar, a lunatic, a charlatan, a denier, a shyster, a crazy person, corrupt—you might expect a spittle-flecked, wild-eyed loon. But in person, Lindzen cuts a rather different figure. With his gray beard, thick glasses, gentle laugh, and disarmingly soft voice, he comes across as nothing short of grandfatherly.
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What Cannot Modern Man Accomplish? BIG Science, BIG Ideas Revealed in Stories, Parables, and Fiction

I wax philosophical here as a very limited small minded inquirer into the ‘What Cannot Modern Man Accomplish? BIG Science, BIG Ideas Revealed in Stories, Parables, and Fiction’ and I restate the old wisdom that Fact is stranger than Fiction.

I believe that Fiction being organized into a coherent story with beginning, middle, and ending is much easier to communicate through than Facts which are patently harder to examine, quantify, and know as a mathematical set with anything like finality and confidence. And this is why human beings love stories. The best fictional writers always draw upon reality and what is possible, weaving their stories together with these threads of genuine universal truths.

The greatest story teller of all time, Jesus Christ, communicated genuine universal truths to his disciples through plain speaking, but through Parables did he communicate unto the crowd.

One example of a Modern Man as story teller of genuine universal truths, Michael Crichton, illustrated and illuminated BIG Science, BIG Ideas, through his fictional writings as well as his factual essays and lectures which are found all over the Internet. I mourn the loss of his revelations and high abilities to communicate the strangeness of technological advancements to the crowd through his fictional writings.

I wonder whether Crichton knew of the historical archival records out of New Zealand that nonfictional writer Ray Waru revealed in his book, Secrets and Treasures:  Our Stories Told Through the Objects at Archives New Zealand.

Crichton, who died in 2008, was an avid researcher and deeply interested man of wide education so it is possible that he could have come across something like  ‘Project Seal’ and or the archives which were written about in this article;  Tsunami bomb NZ’s devastating war secret By Eugene Bingham 5:01 AM Saturday Sep 25, 1999

Top-secret wartime experiments were conducted off the coast of Auckland to perfect a tidal wave bomb, declassified files reveal.

An Auckland University professor seconded to the Army set off a series of underwater explosions triggering mini-tidal waves at Whangaparaoa in 1944 and 1945.

Professor Thomas Leech’s work was considered so significant that United States defence chiefs said that if the project had been completed before the end of the war it could have played a role as effective as that of the atom bomb.

Details of the tsunami bomb, known as Project Seal, are contained in 53-year-old documents released by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

Papers stamped “top secret” show the US and British military were eager for Seal to be developed in the post-war years too. They even considered sending Professor Leech to Bikini Atoll to view the US nuclear tests and see if they had any application to his work.

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1Treasures: Our Stories Told Through the Objects at Archives New Zealand&objectid=14727

Whether he had knowledge of those archives or not Michael Crichton wrote a fictional account in his story of a plot to use a tsunami making device for a political end in his 2004, Science Fiction, Techno-thriller, Dystopian Novel, State of Fear.

Overview from widipedia.org;

State of Fear is, like many of Crichton’s books, a fictional work that uses speculative science and technological innovations as fundamental storyline devices. The debate over global warming serves as the backdrop for the book. Crichton supplies a personal afterword and two appendices that link the fictional part of the book with real examples of his thesis.[…]

[…]In the finale of the story, the group travels to a remote island in the Solomons to stop the ELF’s “piece de resistance”, a tsunami that will inundate the coastline of California[…]200px-MichaelCrighton_StateOfFear

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_Fear

Now my emphasis in this post is not the debate over global warming and I will reserve that aspect of the novel for another time. I rather want to state the obvious fact that Michael Crichton has demonstrated in his writings that he was very well informed about scientific and medical research and that he wrote his novels with well documented background material as inspiration for them.

Despite their fabulous entertaining aspects Crichton’s writings contain reams of facts in the areas of science and politics and history all into the mixture of his novels that serve as the basis of further research and inquiry into the marvelous What Cannot Modern Man Accomplish.

Michael Crichton because of his vast intellectual honesty and brilliant mind was very much a thorn in the side of those who would politicize science, his voice is greatly missed, especially now that things such as ‘Project Seal’ are becoming widely known. I close this post with the Author’s Afterword/appendices from wikipedia;

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_Fear

[…]In Appendix I, Crichton warns both sides of the global warming debate against the politicization of science. Here he provides two examples of the disastrous combination of pseudo-science and politics: the early 20th-century ideas of eugenics (which he directly cites as one of the theories that allowed for the Holocaust) and Lysenkoism.

This appendix is followed by a bibliography of 172 books and journal articles that Crichton presents “…to assist those readers who would like to review my thinking and arrive at their own conclusions.” (State of Fear, pp, 583).[…]

 

 

“We will be climate choosers…” Will We ‘Fix the Weather?

NPR article link

EXCERPT:

Will We ‘Fix’ The Weather? Yes. Should We Fix The Weather? Hmmm

by Robert Krulwich
October 30, 2012 2:13 PM

Because I’m at home, wind raging outside, trees bending, leaves flying, a hurricane descending, subways suspended, my day upended, I can’t stop thinking: “What is Maureen Raymo thinking?”

She teaches at Columbia University, up the block from where I live. She’s a paleoclimatologist. Her focus is climate change, and in a book I am reading, she says someday soon we won’t be climate victims, we will be climate choosers. We will engineer the climate we want. (…)  (…)Geoengineers shouldn’t be the ones who clean up human messes, and there’s no guarantee geoengineers won’t make mistakes too. Technology won’t give us a free ride.

But in the long run, geoengineering — tinkering with air, oceans, the skies — will help us survive on a changing planet. Maureen Raymo is hardly alone in her prediction. More and more eminent scientists agree with her, that if the human race survives, the engineers will get smarter, the tools will get better, and one day we will control the climate. But what then?(…)

 

click the link below for entire article and very interesting videos;

http://www.npr.org/blogs/krulwich/2012/10/30/163964979/will-we-fix-the-weather-yes-should-we-fix-the-weather-hmmm

 

 

 

 

 

Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East (Sesame) project,

Background

http://www.materialstoday.com/view/14308/open-sesame-comment/

(…)The project to build Sesame has been running for around 15 years, and has weathered many political storms and changes of government. But it is still going strong. It is this durability, say those involved, that makes it such a powerful symbol of what is possible in the region when politics takes a back seat. Many other science collaborations are undertaken more out of necessity than choice, for example on seismology or water desalination, and are vulnerable to political whims. But even when relations between Israel and Turkey hit the rocks over the debacle of the Gaza flotilla earlier this year, Sesame was unaffected.

There is currently no synchrotron light source in the Middle East, although the need for one was first suggested 25 years ago by Pakistani Nobel laureate Abdus Salam. In 1997 it was suggested that Germany should donate components from the soon-to-be-decommissioned BESSY I facility in Berlin, and with backing from UNESCO Sesame was on its way.

Jordan won the right to host Sesame in a competition with Armenia, Cyprus, Palestine and Turkey, and provided the land as well as the money to construct the buildings to house the accelerator complex and associated infrastructure. Israel, which as the most scientifically advanced country in the region may have made a more natural home for such a project, decided against hosting, to make it more attractive for other Arab countries to join.

But the politics of the collaboration are not what drives the participants. In fact, politics are rarely discussed at council meetings. The focus is on the science, and ensuring it is of the highest quality. That, says Salman Salman, a professor of physics at Al Quds University in Jerusalem, is what will keep the project going long term.(…)  2010 article linked here.

 

November 25, 2012,      http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-20447422         Sesame synchrotron is a flash of unity in Middle East
By David Shukman
Science editor, BBC News

(…)After years of doubts about the project’s feasibility, construction is now at an advanced stage and most of the next round of finance is secured. The first science could start as early as 2015.

The synchrotron, which acts in effect like a giant microscope, will be used by researchers to study everything from viruses to new drugs to novel materials.

Synchrotrons have become an indispensable tool for modern science with some 60 in use around the world, almost all of them in developed countries, and this will be the first in the Middle East.(…)

 

 

 

(…)Synchrotrons work by accelerating electrons around a circular tube, during which excess energy is given off in the form of light – from X-rays to infrared – which is diverted into the beamlines. By focusing the intense light onto samples, the tiniest structures can be mapped in great detail.

The idea for Sesame got off the ground when a German synchrotron known as Bessy was being dismantled and a Stanford University professor, Herman Winick, suggested it should not be scrapped but shipped to the Middle East instead.

Prof Winick points to the role of synchrotrons in Brazil, South Korea and Taiwan in generating local scientific expertise and reversing the “brain drain” of talent and says a similar effect is possible in the Middle East.(…)   November 25, 2012 article linked here.

 

 

 

 

Scotch Tape Simple Semi-conductor Physics First

A first for physics: inducing superconductivity in a semi-conductor with Scotch Tape

University of Toronto U of T News, Kim Luke

(…)An international team led by University of Toronto physicists has developed a simple new technique to induce high-temperature superconductivity in a semiconductor for the first time – using Scotch Tape.

The method paves the way for new devices that could be used in quantum computing and to improve energy efficiency.

“Who would have thought simply sticking things together can generate entirely new effects?” said team leader and U of T physicist Ken Burch.

High-temperature superconductors are materials that conduct electricity without heating up or losing energy at liquid nitrogen temperatures. Used to transmit electricity with low loss, these superconductors are also the building blocks of the next generation of devices such as quantum computers. (…)  http://news.utoronto.ca/first-physics-inducing-superconductivity-semi-conductor-scotch-tape

 

Space Mirrors Will Reduce Rainfall in Americas and Eurasia by 10 to 20%

New Scientist June 18_2012 Article linked here.

 

 

 (…)Previous studies have shown that geoengineering cannot restore both temperature and rain to previous levels, linked here. (…)

(…) Hauke Schmidt of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg, Germany, and his colleagues played out the same simple scenario in four different climate models. In each one, he quadrupled carbon dioxide levels from pre-industrial levels, linked here. (…)

(…) Article linked here.

 

Hummmmm,

WORD to the wise here,

I rather think that would mean a reduction of agriculture and food, and causing thirst and harm of living beings. I hope the scientists and their financiers will extrapolate life as more important than playing God to ‘help’ the earth with their experiments to cool the globe.

This research is only possible through the public purse and is after all financed by the trusting unscientific mass proletariat  through taxation of their labor and goods. It is cruel to violate that trust, cruel and criminal. Tread carefully because to whom much is given much is required of them.

 

European Geosciences Union Publishes Study, Geoengineering Could Disrupt Rainfall Patterns

Geoengineering Could Disrupt Rainfall Patterns

 

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/06/120606092715.htm

Geoengineering Could Disrupt Rainfall Patterns

ScienceDaily (June 6, 2012) — A geoengineering solution to climate change could lead to significant rainfall reduction in Europe and North America, a team of European scientists concludes. The researchers studied how models of Earth in a warm, CO2-rich world respond to an artificial reduction in the amount of sunlight reaching the planet’s surface.

The study is published June 6, 2012,  in Earth System Dynamics, an Open Access journal of the European Geosciences Union (EGU). (…) Emphasis added.

 

ESD pdf

(…)

Solar irradiance reduction to counteract radiative forcing from a
quadrupling of CO2: climate responses simulated by four earth
system models
H. Schmidt1, K. Alterskjær2, D. Bou Karam3, O. Boucher4,*, A. Jones4, J. E. Kristj´ansson2, U. Niemeier1, M. Schulz5,
A. Aaheim6, F. Benduhn7, M. Lawrence7,**, and C. Timmreck1
1Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany
2University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
3Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et l’Environnement, CEA, CNRS, UVSQ, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
4Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, UK
5Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway
6Cicero, Oslo, Norway
7Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany
*now at: Laboratoire de M´et´eorologie Dynamique, Institut Pierre Simon Laplace/CNRS, Paris, France
**now at: Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies, Potsdam, Germany
Correspondence to: H. Schmidt (hauke.schmidt@zmaw.de)
Received: 13 January 2012 – Published in Earth Syst. Dynam. Discuss.: 25 January 2012
Revised: 8 May 2012 – Accepted: 14 May 2012 – Published: 6 June 2012

 
Abstract.

In this study we compare the response of four
state-of-the-art Earth system models to climate engineering
under scenario G1 of two model intercomparison projects:
GeoMIP (Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project)
and IMPLICC (EU project “Implications and risks of engineering
solar radiation to limit climate change”). In G1,
the radiative forcing from an instantaneous quadrupling of
the CO2 concentration, starting from the preindustrial level,
is balanced by a reduction of the solar constant. Model responses
to the two counteracting forcings in G1 are compared
to the preindustrial climate in terms of global means
and regional patterns and their robustness. While the global
mean surface air temperature in G1 remains almost unchanged
compared to the control simulation, the meridional
temperature gradient is reduced in all models. Another robust
response is the global reduction of precipitation with
strong effects in particular over North and South America
and northern Eurasia. In comparison to the climate response
to a quadrupling of CO2 alone, the temperature responses are
small in experiment G1. Precipitation responses are, however,
in many regions of comparable magnitude but globally
of opposite sign.

 (…)

See complete pdf  here.

 

 

 

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/06/120606092715.htm

 

 

Also see;

Geoengineering would turn blue skies whiter

  01 June 2012 by Jeff Hecht

Blue skies would fade to hazy white if geoengineers inject light-scattering aerosols into the upper atmosphere to offset global warming. Critics have already warned that this might happen, but now the effect has been quantified.

Releasing sulphate aerosols high in the atmosphere should in theory reduce global temperatures by reflecting a small percentage of the incoming sunlight away from the Earth. However, the extra particles would also scatter more of the remaining light into the atmosphere. This would reduce by 20 per cent the amount of sunlight that takes a direct route to the ground, and it would increase levels of softer, diffuse scattered light, says Ben Kravitz of the Carnegie Institution for Science in Stanford, California.

That would have knock-on effects for life – and human technology.(…)

 

 

 

 

 

On The Second Floor of the Tower of Babel: Remaking Human Bodies: What Can Man Do to Man?

God is Love

It requires belief in God to care about the consequences of actions and imaginations.

Question:  What limits are there in these experiments?

Answer:  Apparently there are none. Yet in fact if God exists, and I do believe in Jesus Christ of Nazareth as The Way, The Truth, and The Light, to eternal life, then the sky and the stars and the universe do have a limit and a judgment day.

I like to repeat Malcolm’s warning in Jurassic Park, when he declared with much passion that the scientists who made the dinosaurs (in said book/movie) never questioned whether they SHOULD have brought them back from extinction just because they COULD.

We can do many things that we should refrain from. It is called beneficence vs malevolence.

Question:  What will stop man?

Answer:  The Creator, The Owner of the Vineyard